Amulets have always been an important part of a Muay Thai fighter’s equipment. They are sacred and highly respected items. When not in use amulets must be kept in a suitable position. It was believed that if they are put in the inappropriate place, such as a lower shelf or somewhere that people can step on them, they will lose their mystical power.
Nowadays, belief in amulets is a personal matter, some fighters may not even use them at all. However, All Muay Thai fighters must use the Mngkon and Prajied.
Mongkon must be worn until the Wai Kru Ram Muay ritual is finished and then remove before the fight begins, while Prajied must be worn until the end of the fight. Other amulets still commonly used are Dhagrut and Paa-Yan that made into Prajied.
Here are all amulets that used in Muay Thai.
Mongkon: a headband worn as a charm to protect the fighter from the danger which used to wear in battle. In the past, some Muay Thai camps or teachers developed their own unique methods of making Mongkon such as using a sun-dried poisonous snake
Prajied : a piece of cloth, traditionally using red and white, worn around the upper-arm which brings toughness and help the fighter avoid the danger.
Pra Krueng : a small Buddha image which always secretly put inside either Mongkon or Prajied.
Pirod : made from rattan in the form of a ring or an armband which is worn around the biceps of one arm. It is not usual to wear both Prajied and the Pirod on the same arm, so the fighter wears Prajied on one arm and Pirod around the other.
Dhagrut : made from a small sheet of beaten bronze or sometimes silver, carved with mystical symbols. The Dhagrut was rolled up tightly and leaving a hole in the center to insert a silken thread for wrapping around the waist.
Pitsamorn : an amulet similar to Dhagrut, traditionally made from a palm leaf in a woven casing and tied around the waist.
Suea-Yan: cloth made into a waistcoat which contains mystical spell and worn during the sacred rituals or special ceremonies. In the past, Siamese soldiers also wore Suea-Yan when going into battle.
In addition, some fighters also have a sacred writing tattooed on some part of their body.